Diamond is the birthstone for the lucky babies born in April. Once possessed only by the royals, this mesmerizingly beautiful gem is surrounded by mystery, romance and passion. Considered as the best gem for a proposal, it is a symbol of forever love, infinite power and undiminished brilliance.
Diamond is the crystalline form of pure carbon where the atoms are securely held in a four directional tight-fisted network. This complex network makes diamond the hardest gemstone on the planet. But it also challenges the gem cutter, for any sharp blow in any of these directions could split the stone. It is therefore, important to be careful in cutting and mounting a diamond in any piece of jewelry.
Other than this diamond is an amazing stone with a broad range of colors that include all shades of the rainbow, low reactivity to chemicals, and high refraction and dispersion.
Top quality diamonds have enduring brilliance, see-through clarity and fine cut, and they cost a fortune.
How to choose the right diamond?
As the market is flooded with diamond imitations, it is advisable to buy diamonds from a reputable and authentic source. A little understanding of terms would be very helpful in the process.
The 4Cs: Color, clarity, cut and carat are the major value deciding actors for diamonds.
The color scale for white stones is from D (colorless) to Z (champagne yellow). The colored ones are marked from pale to dark depending on the hue, tone and saturation of the color.
The amount of inclusions defines the degree of clarity. It may vary from flawless to slightly visible inclusions.
A fine cut could greatly enhance the color, clarity and brilliance of the stone. As it defines the path and the amount of light that passes through the gem, it adds a lot of value to the cost and quality of the stone.
Diamonds more than a carat with the best of the above features are rare to find and therefore cost a higher premium.
Diamond certificates: Diamond grading certificate and appraisal certificate are two very important documents for any jewelry. They are produced by third-party after a critical analysis of the gemstone and jewelry. An appraisal certificate along with the other details of gemstone mentions the estimated appraisal value of the jewelry.
Diamond Treatment: Normally diamonds are natural and only cut to bring out the beauty. But this doesn’t mean they aren’t treated. High-pressure high temperature treatment, color changing treatment and filling treatment are few industry acceptable treatments for diamonds.
They are hard and durable doesn’t mean you could be harsh with your diamonds. After all they are precious gemstones! So a proper care is always needed for them
It is therefore, advisable to avoid wearing them while doing any intensive physical work. A hard blow could scratch or break them.
Clean your jewelry quarterly with a mild soapy solution and lukewarm water. Cover them in a muslin cloth and keep them separately in a jewelry box.
Always examine the jewelry before and after wearing. See if the stones are not loose or any of the prongs are broken or loose. Periodic visits to a professional is recommended.
Diamond in History
Diamond history is civilizations old. From legends about snakes protected diamond valleys, to the millions of carats of diamond production every year, diamond history is one that of mystical powers, beauty and exemplary brilliance.
The recorded history dates back to 3000 years when diamonds were first valued in India for their refraction ability. The country was the prime source of best quality diamonds. The Hope diamond, Koh-i-noor, Darya-i-nur, The Orloff and Briolette of India are few most influential diamonds that had Indian origin.
For centuries, diamonds have been used in decoratives and ornaments. They have been a major part of the crown jewels, thrones, swords, crowns, tiaras and of course the engagement rings.
They say it was Archduke Maximillian who first presented a diamond solitaire ring to Mary of Burgundy upon his betrothal to her and started the universal trend of diamond engagement rings. Since then, it has become a procession in almost every royal house to present a diamond ring upon engagement.
Diamonds have always been the first preference of jewelry designers and lovers. The British crown jewels have a brimming and a brilliant collection of diamond jewelry that include the Cullinan diamonds and Koh-i-noor.
Diamond at the Red Carpet
Alike royals, celebrities have also been fascinated by diamond brilliance. Remember Elizabeth Taylor’s massive Krupp diamond? The 33.19 carat Asscher cut stone was given to her by Richard Burton as a prize for beating him at ping-pong. Diamonds have been the priority choice for the red carpet. Every year at the Oscars, Globes, Emmys and Grammys, stars arrive with their precious bedazzling diamond jewelry and make us fall in love with the ancient rock all over again.
Why to buy diamond jewelry?
You simply don’t need a reason to buy diamonds. Do you? Ok. They are the April birthstone and 60th wedding anniversary stone. They hold the richest history of gemstones. The brilliance, beauty and symbolic association of diamonds are few other reasons to make them yours. Loose or studded, they could be a wise investment for the future.
By the words of Marlyn Monroe ‘diamonds are the best friends of a girl and with their pleasing glamour, they are truly forever.