The yellow-orange citrine is one of the most popular gemstones available today. This alluring gemstone is also regarded to be the birthstone for the month of November. It derives its name from the French word ‘citron’ that means ‘lemon’. The gem comes in shades ranging from pale yellow to deep brownish-orange.
The yellow hue of the citrine is a result of the presence of iron in quartz crystals. This occurrence is rare in nature. Usually, the more common or lower quality quartz like purple amethyst and smoky quartz are heat treated to create commercial citrine. The history of the citrine is closely connected to that of the topaz. It was often referred to as gold topaz, Madeira, and Spanish topaz.
In ancient times, citrine was believed to possess the ability to dispel anger and promote prosperity and abundance. Egyptians used citrines in talismans, Roman priests fashioned rings showcasing them and the Greeks used them as a base on which they carved iconic images. Citrine is also called the ‘merchants stone’ due to its ability to attract wealth and prosperity.
Although citrine deposits can be found across the globe, the world’s leading supplier is Brazil. Other known sources include Spain, Bolivia, France, Russia, Madagascar and the U.S. Different locations produce different shades of citrine. Pale yellow is the natural form of citrine.
Citrine scores a 7 on the Mohs scale of hardness making it suitable for regular use. It has evolved to become a popular choice in fine jewelry, owing to its availability and affordable price. The citrine is perfectly suitable for any jewelry design and is widely used in huge statement pieces for an opulent look.