This month’s birthday babies have two beautiful gemstones to choose from – citrine and topaz. The stunning topaz comes in several appealing colors such as yellow, brown, green, red, pink and blue. We bring to you a few interesting facts about the topaz that you may not have known.
- The word topaz comes from the Sanskrit word tapas, meaning ‘fire’. It is also said that the ancient Romans obtained the stone from an island called “topazos” and hence named the stone after the island.
- Topaz symbolizes love and loyalty and is regarded to bring in good health and prosperity to the wearer.
- Ancient Greeks believed that the stone possessed the power to increase one’s strength and make its wearer invisible in cases of emergency, and also that it changed its color in the presence of poison.
- During the Middle Ages, topaz was considered to heal both physical and mental disorders. The Egyptians wore it as an amulet to protect them from any kind of injury.
- The topaz is a relatively hard stone and rates 8 on the Mohs hardness scale. It is suitable for everyday wear and is resilient to scratches.
- Blue, the rarest color of topaz, is the most common today, thanks to man’s ability to enhance its color. Topaz with a naturally blue color is extremely rare.
- Almost 95% of all blue topazes are not naturally blue and are irradiated and heat treated to get their color.
- The most expensive variety of the gemstone is Imperial topaz, which features a vivid orange hue with pink undertones.
- The largest producer of topaz is Brazil. Other mines can be found in Sri Lanka, Russia, Australia, Pakistan, India, Nigeria, Germany, Mexico and the U.S.